Jane Austen enjoyed
the works of Charlotte Smith,
Samuel Richardson, Henry Fielding, Matthew Lewis,
Fanny Burney, and Maria Edgeworth
(to whom she sent a copy of Emma,
before it was released to the public). Maria's father, Richard
Lovell Edgeworth, was a friend of Jane's aunt and uncle. Most,
if not all, of these authors are referred to in Austen's novels.
Austen's only gothic contribution is a satire, Northanger
Abbey. From this we may obtain a list of popular gothics
of the period, the so-called Northanger Canon, which is given to
the heroine as recommended horrid reading.
Brontë found her cold, writing the
Passions are perfectly unknown to her; she rejects even a speaking acquaintance
with that stormy Sisterhood.
Austen had many admirers, among them Sir Walter
Scott who believed she possessed that
exquisite touch which renders ordinary commonplace things and characters
Northanger Canon: The Mysteries of Udolpho and
The Italian by Ann
Radcliffe; The Castle of Wolfenbach;
or the Horrid Machinations of the Count Berniti
and The Mysterious Warning, a
German Tale, by Eliza Parsons; Clermont.
A Tale, by Regina Maria Roche; The
Necromancer; or, The Tale of the Black Forest, by Karl
Friedrich Kahlert; The Midnight Bell. A German
Story, by Francis Lathom; The
Orphan of the Rhine. A Romance, by Eleanor Sleath
and The Horrid Mysteries. A Story From the German
Of The Marquis Of Grosse, by P. Will.
Also referred to in
the novel are: Matthew Lewis' The
Monk, Fielding's Tom
Sir Charles Grandison, Maria Edgeworth's
Belinda, and Fanny Burney's Camilla